India is a large country located in southern part of Asia. In fact the region is more specifically referred to as South Asia or Indian Subcontinent.
The southern part of India is a peninsula, that projects into the Indian Ocean. Bay of Bengal is on the east cost while Arabian Sea is on the east cost of India.
The Himalayan mountain ranges practically form the northern fringes of India.
The archipelago of Andaman & Nicobar islands in the Indian Ocean is India's southmost territory. It is almost at the fringes of Southeast Asia. Similarly the Lakshadweep Islands of India is some 300 km ( 180 miles) off the southwestern coast into the Arabian Sea.
In diversity India is one the most spectacular countries in the world. The diversity of India is noticeable in every aspect of India , right from its geography to culture to language to heritage.
To give a clue of the Indian diversity , on every banknote of Indian currency - the Rupees - the denomination is printed in 15 languages, out of the 20 official languages of India. The northwest of India has its Thar desert ; On the north is the snow-capped mountains; the east has rain drenched topical forests while the south has a long stretch of sunny coastal line.
The most popular way to travel to India is by plane. Most of the major airlines in the world operate flights to Indian cities . All the major airlines in India too have international operations.
Most likely your entry point would be one of the major cities : Mumbai , New Delhi , Bangalore , Hyderabad, Chennai and Kolkata. Also there are many other airports like Amritsar, Ahmedabad, Calicut, Cochin, Coimbatore, Guwahati, Jaipur, Mangalore, Pune, Trivandrum, Varanasi etc with varying levels of international connectivity.
A good number of International flights from the middle eastern countries operate to the airports on the western coast of India , such as Mumbai, Trivandrum, Calicut and Cochin .
The busiest international airport in India is New Delhi, where its federal capital is located.
There are some rail & bus services to the neighboring Pakistan and Bangladesh. Bhutan and Nepal are connected by road with India. Though it is very close to the Indian coast , there are no ferry services to Sri Lanka from India. However Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka , is well connected by air.
Within India the most popular travel option is undoubtedly by rail . Indian Railways operates a massive network of rail services in India. For shorter distance bus or taxi is a suitable option. Most of the major cities has an airport. The domestic air travel is a thriving industry in India.