The Royal bath house.
Hammams or public baths were a hallmark of the Islamic culture. Even now in some Islamic countries these hammams provide baths for people which have great medicinal values and have a great effect on the health.
The Fatehpur Sikri – Hakim’s bath is situated immediately below the daftar khana. While descending from the Daftar Khana one can view the domes of the Hakim’s bath.
This public bath houses some of the best specimen of art in plaster. Some historians believe that this bath was built by the three hakims of Gilan who lived above the bath to the north east. However, the structure and architecture of the hakim’s bath in Fatehpur Sikri is too grandiose to have been constructed by mere hakims.
It is more likely that the Fatehpur Sikri - Hakim’s bath was made for use by royalty. There is a dressing room, a room meant for steam baths and a room where people could indulge in hot and cold plunge baths. There are two large rooms which were probably used for massage therapy and there is also a latrine. All the rooms in the bath are finely plastered and showcase the ornate carvings of the Mughal era. The water required for the baths was supplied by a well which is situated in the south-east corner. The water was carried by men up a ramp in skin bags or pulled up with the help of a pulley over stone piers and then poured on the roof. From the roof the water flowed into the large masonry tank within the building.
During the days of Akbar, the most prominent of the Mughal emperors, Fatehpur Sikri was the capital of Mughal India. However after his death the city had been abandoned. Fatehpur Sikri carries that eerie look even today!